Changeset 8772


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Nov 29, 2007, 11:34:31 PM (13 years ago)
Author:
tbretz
Message:
*** empty log message ***
Location:
trunk/Dwarf/Documents/ApplicationDFG
Files:
2 edited

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  • trunk/Dwarf/Documents/ApplicationDFG/application.bib

    r8771 r8772  
    28622862}
    28632863
    2864 @ARTICLE{Rieger:2000,
    2865    author = {{Rieger}, F.~M. and {Mannheim}, K.},
    2866     title = "{Implications of a possible 23 day periodicity for binary black hole models in Mkn 501}",
    2867   journal = {\aap},
    2868    eprint = {arXiv:astro-ph/0005478},
    2869      year = 2000,
    2870     month = jul,
    2871    volume = 359,
    2872     pages = {948-952},
    2873    adsurl = {http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2000A%26A...359..948R},
    2874   adsnote = {Provided by the Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
     2864@ARTICLE{Curtef:CM,
     2865   author = {{Curtef}, V. and {Backes}, M. and {Hadasch}, D.},
     2866    title = "{Improvements of the energy reconstruction for the MAGIC telescope by means of analysis and Monte Carlo techniques}",
     2867  journal = {Astronomische Nachrichten},
     2868   eprint = {0711.2256},
     2869     year = 2007,
     2870   volume = 328,
     2871   number = 7,
    28752872}
    28762873
  • trunk/Dwarf/Documents/ApplicationDFG/application.tex

    r8771 r8772  
    505505 \includegraphics*[width=0.495\textwidth,angle=0,clip]{CT3.eps}
    506506 \includegraphics*[width=0.495\textwidth,angle=0,clip]{DWARF.eps}
    507  \caption{Left: xxxxx Right: yyyy}
     507 \caption{Left: The old HEGRA CT3 telescope as operated within the
     508 HEGRA Sytem. Right: A photomontage how the revised CT3 telescope
     509 could look like with more and hexagonal mirrors.}
    508510\label{CT3}
    509511\label{DWARF}
     
    534536The scientific focus of the project will be on the long-term monitoring
    535537of bright, nearby VHE emitting blazars.  At least one of the proposed
    536 targets will be visible any time of the year (see plot). For
     538targets will be visible any time of the year ({\bf see plot}). For
    537539calibration purposes, some time will be scheduled for observations of
    538540the Crab nebula.  The blazar observations will allow
     
    542544\item to cooperate with the Whipple monitoring telescope for an
    543545extended time coverage.
    544 \item to prompt Target of Opportunity (ToO) observations with MAGIC in
     546\item to prompt Target-of-Opportunity (ToO) observations with MAGIC in
    545547the case of flares increasing time resolution. Corresponding
    546 Target-of-Opportunity (ToO) proposals to H.E.S.S.\ and Veritas are in
     548ToO proposals to H.E.S.S.\ and Veritas are in
    547549preparation.
    548550\item to observe simultaneously with MAGIC which will provide an
     
    582584The work schedule assumes that the work will begin in January 2008,
    583585immediately after funding. Later funding would accordingly shift the
    584 schedule. Each year is divided into quarters (see figure xxx).
     586schedule. Each year is divided into quarters ({\bf see figure xxx}).
    585587
    586588\paragraph{Software}
     
    611613
    612614We request funding for a total of three years. Summarizing, the
    613 expenses for the telescope (see section xxx) are dominated by the
     615expenses for the telescope ({\bf see section xxx}) are dominated by the
    614616camera and data acquisition. The financial volume for the complete
    615 hardware inclusive transport amounts to 372.985\,\euro.
     617hardware inclusive transport amounts to 372.985,-\,\euro.
    616618
    617619\subsection[4.1]{Required Staff (Personalbedarf)}
     
    660662\end{figure}
    661663
    662 {\bf Camera}\dotfill 207.550,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     664{\bf Camera}\dotfill 207.550,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    663665\begin{quote}
    664666   To setup a camera with 313 pixels the following components are needed:\\
    665667   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    666    Photomultiplier Tube EMI\,9083 KFLA-UD\hfill 220,00\,\euro\\
    667    Active voltage divider ({\bf !!!!})\hfill 80,00\,\euro\\
    668    High voltage support and control\hfill {\bf 300,00}\,\euro\\
    669    Preamplifier\hfill 50,00\,\euro\\
    670    Spare parts (overall)\hfill 3000,00\,\euro\\
     668   Photomultiplier Tube EMI\,9083 KFLA-UD\hfill 220,-\,\euro\\
     669   Active voltage divider ({\bf !!!!})\hfill 80,-\,\euro\\
     670   High voltage support and control\hfill {\bf 300,-}\,\euro\\
     671   Preamplifier\hfill 50,-\,\euro\\
     672   Spare parts (overall)\hfill 3000,-\,\euro\\
    671673   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    672674%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
     
    709711round and have a diameter of $4.5^\circ-5.0^\circ$.
    710712
    711 Therefor a camera with 313 Pixel camera (see figure \ref{camDWARF}) is
     713Therefor a camera with 313 pixel camera (see figure \ref{camDWARF}) is
    712714chosen. The camera will be built based on the experience with HEGRA and
    713715MAGIC. 19\,mm diameter Photomultiplier Tubes (PM, EMI\,9083\,KFLA-UD)
     
    717719peak energy). Each individual pixel has to be equipped with a
    718720preamplifier, an active high-voltage supply and control. The total
    719 expense for a single pixel will be in the order of 650\,\euro.
     721expense for a single pixel will be in the order of 650,-\,\euro.
    720722
    721723All possibilities of borrowing one of the old HEGRA cameras for a
    722724transition time have been probed and refused by the owners of the
    723725cameras.
     726
     727{\bf At ETH~Z"urich currently test measurements are ongoing to prove the
     728ability, i.e.\ stability, aging, quantum efficiency, etc., of using
     729Geiger-mode APDs (Advanced Photon Detector aka. Silicon PM) as photon
     730detector in the camera of a Cherenkov telescope. The advantages are
     731extremely high quantum efficiency (>50\%), easier gain stabilization and
     732simplified application compared to classical PMs. If these test
     733measurements are successfully finished until 8/2008 we consider to use
     734APDs in favor of classical PMs. The design of such a camera would take
     735place at University Dortmund in close collaboration with the experts
     736from ETH. Construction would also take place at the electronics
     737workshop of Dortmund.}
     738
    724739\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    725740
    726 {\bf Camera support}\dotfill 204.000,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     741{\bf Camera support}\dotfill 204.000,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    727742\begin{quote}
    728743For this setup the camera holding has to be redesigned. (1500\,\euro)
     
    733748transmission of {\bf 5\%} is expected. Each PM will be equipped with a
    734749light-guide (Winston Cone) as developed by UC Davis and successfully in
    735 operation in the MAGIC camera. (3000\,\euro\ for all winston cones). The
     750operation in the MAGIC camera. (3000,-\,\euro\ for all winston cones). The
    736751current design will be improved by using a high reflectivity aluminized
    737752Mylar mirror-foil, coated with a dialectical layer ($Si\,O_2$
     
    744759\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    745760
    746 {\bf Data acquisition}\dotfill 61.035,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     761{\bf Data acquisition}\dotfill 61.035,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    747762\begin{quote}
    748763313 pixels a\\
    749764   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    750    Readout\hfill 95,00\,\euro\\
    751    Trigger\hfill 100,00\,\euro\\
     765   Readout\hfill 95,-\,\euro\\
     766   Trigger\hfill 100,-\,\euro\\
    752767   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    753768%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
     
    775790As for the HEGRA telescopes a simple multiplicity trigger is sufficient,
    776791but also a simple three-next-neighbors (closed package) could be
    777 programmed. (both cases $\sim$30.000\,Eur: $<$100\,Eur/channel).
     792programmed. (both cases $\sim$30.000,-\,\euro: $<$100,-\,\euro/channel).
    778793
    779794Additional data reduction and preprocessing in the readout hardware or
     
    782797than 250\,GB/month or 3\,TB/year. This amount of data can easily be
    783798stored and processed by the W"urzburg Datacenter (current online
    784 capacity $>$35\,TB, offline capacity $>$80\,TB, $>$26\,CPUs).
     799capacity $>$40\,TB, offline capacity $>$80\,TB, $>$40\,CPUs).
    785800%}\\[2ex]
    786801\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    787802
    788 {\bf Mirrors}\dotfill 15.000,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     803{\bf Mirrors}\dotfill 15.000,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    789804%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
    790805\begin{quote}
     
    809824aluminized Mylar mirror-foil, and a dialectical layer of SiO2 as for
    810825the Winston Cones. By this, a gain in reflectivity of $\sim10\%$ is
    811 achieved, see plot \citep{Fraunhofer}.
     826achieved, {\bf see plot} \citep{Fraunhofer}.
    812827
    813828\begin{figure}[thb]
     
    827842individual mirrors and the point-spread function of the total mirror
    828843during long-term observations, the application of an automatic mirror
    829 adjustment system, as developed by ETH Z"urich and successfully
    830 operated on the MAGIC telescope, is intended. <grey>The system
    831 will be provided by ETH Z"urich.</grey>
    832 
    833 {\bf For a diameter mirror of less than 2.4\,m, the delay between an
    834 parabolic (isochronus) and a spherical mirror shape at the edge is well
    835 below 1ns (see figure). Thus for a sampling rate of 1.2\,GHz parabolic
    836 individual mirrors are not needed. Due to their small size the
    837 individual mirrors can have a spherical shape.}
     844adjustment system, as developed by ETH~Z"urich and successfully
     845operated on the MAGIC telescope, is intended.
     846%<grey>The system
     847%will be provided by ETH Z"urich.</grey>
     848
     849%{\bf For a diameter mirror of less than 2.4\,m, the delay between an
     850%parabolic (isochronus) and a spherical mirror shape at the edge is well
     851%below 1ns (see figure). Thus for a sampling rate of 1.2\,GHz parabolic
     852%individual mirrors are not needed. Due to their small size the
     853%individual mirrors can have a spherical shape.}
    838854%}\\[2ex]
    839855\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    840856
    841 {\bf Calibration System}\dotfill 6.650\,\euro+IPR?\\[-3ex]
     857{\bf Calibration System}\dotfill 6.650,-\,\euro+IPR?\\[-3ex]
    842858\begin{quote}
    843859Components\\
    844860   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    845    Absolute light calibration\hfill 2.000,00\,\euro\\
    846    Individual pixel rate control\hfill ???,00\,\euro\\
    847    Weather station\hfill 500,00\,\euro\\
    848    GPS clock\hfill 1.500,00\,\euro\\
    849    CCD cameras with readout\hfill 2.650,00\,\euro\\
     861   Absolute light calibration\hfill 2.000,-\,\euro\\
     862   Individual pixel rate control\hfill ???,-\,\euro\\
     863   Weather station\hfill 500,-\,\euro\\
     864   GPS clock\hfill 1.500,-\,\euro\\
     865   CCD cameras with readout\hfill 2.650,-\,\euro\\
    850866   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    851867%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
     
    865881the camera surface and ensures a pointing accuracy well below the pixel
    866882diameter. Therefore a high sensitive low-cost video camera, as already
    867 in operation for MAGIC\ I and~II, ({\bf 300\,\euro\ camera, 600\,\euro\
    868 optics, 300\,\euro\ housing, 250\,\euro\ Frame grabber}) will be
     883in operation for MAGIC\ I and~II, ({\bf 300,-\,\euro\ camera, 600,-\,\euro\
     884optics, 300,-\,\euro\ housing, 250,-\,\euro\ Frame grabber}) will be
    869885installed.
    870886
     
    878894
    879895
    880 {\bf Computing}\dotfill 12.000,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     896{\bf Computing}\dotfill 12.000,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    881897\begin{quote}
    882898   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    883    On-site\hfill 12.000\,\euro\\
    884    Three PCs\hfill 8.000\,\euro\\
    885    SATA RAID 3TB\hfill 4.000\,\euro\\
     899   On-site\hfill 12.000,-\,\euro\\
     900   Three PCs\hfill 8.000,-\,\euro\\
     901   SATA RAID 3TB\hfill 4.000,-\,\euro\\
    886902   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    887903%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
    888 For on-site computing three standard PCs are needed ($\sim$8.000\,\euro).
     904For on-site computing three standard PCs are needed ($\sim$8.000,-\,\euro).
    889905This includes readout and storage, preprocessing and telescope control.
    890906For safety reasons, a firewall is mandatory. For local cache-storage
    891907and backup, two RAID\,5 SATA disk arrays with one Terabyte capacity
    892 each will fulfill the requirement ($\sim$4.000\,\euro). The data will be
     908each will fulfill the requirement ($\sim$4.000,-\,\euro). The data will be
    893909transmitted as soon as possible after data taking via Internet to the
    894910W"urzburg Datacenter. Enough storage capacity and computing power
     
    899915\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    900916
    901 {\bf Mount and Drive}\dotfill 17.500,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     917{\bf Mount and Drive}\dotfill 17.500,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    902918\begin{quote}
    903919%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
    904920The present mount is used. Only a smaller investment for safety,
    905 corrosion protection, cable ducts, etc. is needed (7.500\,\euro).
     921corrosion protection, cable ducts, etc. is needed (7.500,-\,\euro).
    906922
    907923For movement, motors, shaft encoders and control electronics in the
    908 order of 10.000\,\euro\ have to be bought. The costs have been estimated
     924order of 10.000,-\,\euro\ have to be bought. The costs have been estimated
    909925with the experience from building the MAGIC drive systems. The DWARF
    910926drive system should allow for relatively fast repositioning for three
    911 reasons: 1)~Fast movement might be mandatory for future ToO
    912 observations. 2)~Wobble-mode observations will be done changing the
    913 wobble-position continuously (each 20\,min) for symmetry reasons. 3)~To
     927reasons: (i)~Fast movement might be mandatory for future ToO
     928observations. (ii)~Wobble-mode observations will be done changing the
     929wobble-position continuously (each 20\,min) for symmetry reasons. (iii)~To
    914930ensure good time coverage of more than one source visible at the same
    915931time, the observed source will be changed in constant time intervals
     
    918934Therefore three 150\,Watt servo motors are intended to be bought. A
    919935micro-controller based motion control unit (Siemens SPS L\,20) similar to
    920 the one of the current MAGIC\ II drive system will be used. For
     936the one of the current MAGIC~II drive system will be used. For
    921937communication with the readout-system, a standard ethernet connection
    922938based on the TCP/IP- and UDP-protocol will be setup.
     
    924940\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    925941
    926 {\bf Security}\dotfill 4.000,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     942{\bf Security}\dotfill 4.000,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    927943\begin{quote}
    928944   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    929    UPS\hfill 2.000,00\,\euro\\
    930    Security fence\hfill 2.000,00\,\euro\\
     945   UPS\hfill 2.000,-\,\euro\\
     946   Security fence\hfill 2.000,-\,\euro\\
    931947   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    932948%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
    933949An uninterruptable power-supply unit (UPS) with 5\,kW-10\,kW will be
    934950installed to protect the equipment against power cuts and ensure a safe
    935 telescope position at the time of sunrise. ($<$2.000\,Eur)
     951telescope position at the time of sunrise. ($<$2.000,-\,\euro)
    936952
    937953A fence for protection in case of robotic movement will be
     
    939955\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    940956
    941 {\bf Other expenses}\dotfill 7.500,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     957{\bf Other expenses}\dotfill 7.500,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    942958\begin{quote}
    943959\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    944    Robotics\hfill 7.500,00\,\euro\\
     960   Robotics\hfill 7.500,-\,\euro\\
    945961   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    946962%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
     
    951967\end{quote}\vspace{3ex}
    952968
    953 {\bf 4.2 Consumables (Verbrauchsmaterial)}\dotfill 10.750,00\,\euro\\[-3ex]
     969{\bf 4.2 Consumables (Verbrauchsmaterial)}\dotfill 10.750,-\,\euro\\[-3ex]
    954970\begin{quote}
    955971   \parbox[t]{1em}{~}\begin{minipage}[t]{0.6\textwidth}
    956    10 LTO\,4 tapes (8\,TB)\hfill 750,00\,\euro\\
    957    Consumables (overalls) tools and materials\hfill 10.000,00\,\euro\\
     972   10 LTO\,4 tapes (8\,TB)\hfill 750,-\,\euro\\
     973   Consumables (overalls) tools and materials\hfill 10.000,-\,\euro\\
    958974   \end{minipage}\\[-0.5ex]
    959975%\parbox[t]{1em}{~}\parbox[t]{0.955\textwidth}{
     
    966982\hspace*{0.66\textwidth}\hrulefill\\[0.5ex]
    967983\hspace*{0.66\textwidth}\hspace{0.5ex}\hfill Sum 4.1+4.2:\hfill{\bf
    968 352.985,00\,\euro}\hfill\hspace*{0pt}\\[-1ex]
     984352.985,-\,\euro}\hfill\hspace*{0pt}\\[-1ex]
    969985\hspace*{0.66\textwidth}\hrulefill\\[-1.9ex]
    970986\hspace*{0.66\textwidth}\hrulefill\\
     
    973989\subsection[4.3]{Reisen/Travel expenses}
    974990
    975 In total, we apply for an amount of 72.200\,\euro\ for travelling. This
     991In total, we apply for an amount of 72.200,-\,\euro\ for travelling. This
    976992large amount of travel funding is required due to the very close
    977993cooperation between Dortmund and W"urzburg and the work demands on the
     
    9841000or conference:
    9851001
    986 2 x 3 years x 1500\,\euro\dotfill 9000,00\,\euro\\
     10022 x 3 years x 1500\,\euro\dotfill 9.000,-\,\euro\\
    9871003
    9881004One participation on the biannual MAGIC collaboration meeting:
    9891005
    990 2 x 3 years x 1000\,\euro\dotfill 6000,00\,\euro\\
     10062 x 3 years x 1000\,\euro\dotfill 6.000,-\,\euro\\
    9911007
    9921008PhD student exchange between W"urzburg and Dortmund
    9931009
    99410101 student x 1 week x 24 (every six weeks) x 800\,\euro\dotfill
    995 19.200,00\,\euro\\
    996 
    997 For setup of the telescope at La Palme the following travel expenses
     101119.200,-\,\euro\\
     1012
     1013For setup of the telescope at La Palma the following travel expenses
    9981014are necessary:
    9991015
    100010164 x 2 weeks at La Palma x 2 persons x 1800\,\euro\dotfill
    1001 28.800,00\,\euro\\
     101728.800,-\,\euro\\
    10021018%}
    10031019\end{quote}
     
    10931109
    10941110The group of the newly appointed {\em Lehrstuhl f"ur Physik und Ihre
    1095 Didaktik} (Prof.~Dr.~Thomas Trefzger} has expressed their interest to
     1111Didaktik} (Prof.~Dr.~Thomas Trefzger) has expressed their interest to
    10961112join the project. They bring in a laboratory for photo-sensor testing,
    10971113know-how from former contributions to ATLAS and a joint interest in
     
    11671183
    11681184\newpage
    1169 \section[8]{Verzeichnis der Anlagen/List of appendages}
     1185\section[8]{Verzeichnis der Anlagen/List of appendices}
    11701186
    11711187\begin{itemize}
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